Initially, Basmati used to be consumed in the areas in which it was grown. However, with the migration of the ethnic population to various parts of the world, Basmati became reasonably popular with Indians abroad. Later on, it started becoming popular with the locals of these countries and thus the exports of Basmati Rice started increasing gradually. In 1980s, the Government of India opened the export of Basmati Rice and this led to the rapid development of a large market for this rice in the International arena. Over a period of time, the traders who were exporting rice began to invest in automation, yield improvement, packaging and marketing and an ancient product led to the development of a new sunrise industry. Today, exporters are churning out thousands of tonnes of high quality Basmati Rice from their factories. Most of them have attained the status of Export House, Trading House, Star Trading House and Super Star Trading House.

With the concept of joint family dwindling rapidly, families have no time to spare for cooking. This has led to the rise of the ready to eat cooked food industry. The Indian rice industry has also launched new products like Heat & Eat, Rice 'n Spice etc. These products are now becoming popular both in India and abroad.

As Indian Rice brands and value added products build bridgeheads for themselves in the International arena, the industry is gearing up to increase exports on a sustainable basis and become a significant world-class player in the Rice markets of the world.

Notified varieties of Basmati rice

Varieties Date of Notification Name of the Institutions
Basmati 370 361 – 30.06.1973
786 – 02.02.1976
Rice farm
Kalashah Kaku (now in Pakistan)
Type-3 (Dehraduni Basmati rice) 13 19.12. 1978 Rice Research Station, Nagina
Taraori Basmati(HBC-19 or Karnal Local) 1 (E) 01.01.1996 Rice Research Station, (CCS- HAU), Kaul
Basmati 217 4045 24.09.1969 Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana (Punjab)
Ranbir Basmati 1 (E) 01.01.1996 Sher-e-Kashmir University, Regional Agriculture Station,
R.S. Pura, Jammu
Basmati 386 647 (E) 09.09.1997 Rice Research Station, Kapurthala,
Punjab Agriculture University, Punjab
Punjab Basmati –1 596 (E) – 13.04.1984 Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, Punjab
Pusa Basmati –1
IET 10364
915 (E)– 06.11.1989 IARI, New Delhi
IET 8580
  Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad, AP
Haryana Basmati– 1
IET – 10367
793 (E) – 22.11.1991 Rice Research Station, CCS-HAU, Kaul, Haryana
Mahi Sugandha
IET – 12601
408 (E) – 04.05.1995 Rice Research Station, RAU, Banswara, Rajasthan
Pusa Basmati– 1121
IET – 18004
1566 (E) – 5.11.2005
2547(E) 29.10.2008
IARI, New Delhi
Improved Pusa Basmati – 1
IET – 18990
1178(E)–20.07.2007 IARI, New Delhi
Vallabh Basmati-22
IET 19492
2187(E) 27.08.2009 MAUB-162
Pusa Basmati – 6
IET – 18005
733(E) – 01.04.2010 IARI, New Delhi
CSR 30 S.O.2126(E)10.9.2012 Ministry of Agriculture
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