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Initially, Basmati used to be consumed in the areas in which it was grown. However, with the migration of the ethnic population to various parts of the world, Basmati became reasonably popular with Indians abroad. Later on, it started becoming popular with the locals of these countries and thus the exports of Basmati Rice started increasing gradually. In 1980s, the Government of India opened the export of Basmati Rice and this led to the rapid development of a large market for this rice in the International arena. Over a period of time, the traders who were exporting rice began to invest in automation, yield improvement, packaging and marketing and an ancient product led to the development of a new sunrise industry. Today, exporters are churning out thousands of tonnes of high quality Basmati Rice from their factories. Most of them have attained the status of Export House, Trading House, Star Trading House and Super Star Trading House.

With the concept of joint family dwindling rapidly, families have no time to spare for cooking. This has led to the rise of the ready to eat cooked food industry. The Indian rice industry has also launched new products like Heat & Eat, Rice 'n Spice etc. These products are now becoming popular both in India and abroad.

As Indian Rice brands and value added products build bridgeheads for themselves in the International arena, the industry is gearing up to increase exports on a sustainable basis and become a significant world-class player in the Rice markets of the world.

Notified varieties of Basmati rice

S.no. Varieties Notification No. & Date Name of the Institutions
1 Basmati 217 4045-24.09.1969
361(E)-30.06.1973
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
2 Basmati 370 361(E)-30.06.1973
786-02.02.1976
Rice farm, Kalashah Kaku (now in Pakistan)
3 Type 3( Dehraduni Basmati) 13-19.12.1978 Rice Research Station, Nagina, U.P
4 Taraori Basmati(HBC 19/ Karnal Local) 1(E)- 01.01.1996 CCSHAU, Rice Research Station, Kaul, Dst. Kaithal, Haryana
5 Ranbir Basmati 1(E)-01.01.1996 Rice Research Station, R. S Pura, Jammu
6 Basmati 386 647(E)-09.09.1997 Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
7 Punjab Basmati 1(Bauni Basmati) 596(E)-13.08.1984 Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
8 Pusa Basmati 1 915(E)-06.11.1989 The Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
9 Kasturi 915(E)-06.11.1989 Directorate of Rice Research, Rajendra Nagar, Hyderabad, A.P
10 Haryana Basmati 1 793(E)-22.11.1991 CCSHAU, Rice Research station, Kaul, Dst. Kaithal, Haryana
11 Mahi Sugandha 408(E)-04.05.1995 Rice Research Station, Banswara, Rajasthan
12 Pusa Basmati 1121 After amendment 1566(E)-05.11.2005
2547(E)-29.10.2008
The Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
13 Improved Pusa Basmati 1(Pusa 1460) 1178(E)-20.07.2007 The Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
14 Vallabh Basmati 22 2187(E)-27.08.2009 Sardar Vallabh Bhai University of Agriculture and Technology, Modipuram
15 Pusa Basmati 6 (Pusa 1401) 733(E)-01.04.2010 The Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
16 Punjab Basmati 2 1078(E)-26.07.2012 Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
17 Basmati CSR 30
After amendment
1134(E)-25.11.2001
2126(E)-10.09.2012
The Central soil Salanity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana
18. Pusa Basmati 1509 2817(E)-19.09.2013 The Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
19. Malviya Basmati Dhan 2817(E)-19.09.2013 Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP
20. Vallabh Basmati 2817(E)-19.09.2013 Sardar Vallabhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Modipuram UP
21. Basmati 564 268(E)-28.01.2015 Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Chatha, Jammu
22. Vallabh Basmati 23 268(E)-28.01.2015 Sardar Vallabhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Modipuram UP
23. Vallabh Basmati 24 268(E)-28.01.2015 Sardar Vallabhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Modipuram UP
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